According to oral tradition, “Bayambang” came from Pangasinan word “balangbang” or “waist”. The story went that a Spaniard was asking a native what the name of the place was and, without fully comprehending what was asked of him, the latter pointed out to his waist and responded by saying “balangbang”. Another story states that it came from the word “kulibangbang”, a plant that grew abundantly in the area during the pre-Spanish times. Still another account suggests that it could have come from the word “bayang-bayang” which refers to the scarecrows used in driving away birds that feasted on ripening palays.
“Malunguey or Balunguey”, the precursor of Bayambang , was a pre-Spanish settlement and was located west of present-day Bayambang. Spanish colonizers noted that the area was near the Agno River and its land was conducive to farming. In 1614, it became a visita of the vicariate of Binalatongan [now San Carlos City]. Five years later, it was accepted by the Provincial Chapter in 1619 as one of the vicariates of the Dominican Order under the patronage of Saint Vincent Ferrer.
Through a Resolution, the Sangguniang Bayan of Bayambang had recommended April 5, 1614 to the National Historical Commission of the Philippines (NHCP) as the Foundation Day of the town. The Office of the President through Proclamation No. 131 dated March 24, 2011 has officially declared such date as its Foundation Day. By April 5, 2014, Bayambang shall celebrate its 400th year Foundation Anniversary.
Bayambang used to encompass the towns of Alcala and Santo Tomas, Pangasinan and those of Paniqui, Gerona and Camiling, Tarlac. However, at the close of the 19th century, the territorial boundaries of the municipality were greatly diminished when these towns were granted their respective statuses as municipalities.
The town became the 5th Capital of the short-lived Philippine Revolutionary Republic under Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo on November 12, 1899. It was also in Bautista, then a barrio of Bayambang where Jose Palma reportedly wrote the lyrics of the Philippine National Anthem.
Located at the central part of Southern Pangasinan along the banks of the Agno River, Bayambang is bounded on the North by the Municipality of Malasiqui, on the South by the Municipality of Camiling in the province of Tarlac, on the East by the Municipality of Bautista and on the West by the Municipality of Urbiztondo.
Municipality of Bayambang : Facts and Figures
a. Geographical Location Philippines, Region 1, Province of Pangasinan, 3rd District
b. Global Coordinates 15°48’38’’ North; 120°27’17” East
c. Population 111,521 people as of 2010 per NSO Census
d. Population Growth Rate 2.6% (Year 2010)
e. Literacy Rate 92.50%
f. Religious Orientation 85-88% Roman Catholics
g. Land Area 143.94km2 (55.58 sq mi) 16,800 hectares
h. Classification 1st Class Municipality
i. Main Products Corn, Onion, Rice, Vegetable and Freshwater Fish
j. Average Monthly Crime Rate 5.38 (First Quarter, 2012)
k. Crime Solution Eff. Rate 100% (First Quarter, 2012)
l. Distance from Manila (Rizal Park, Luneta) 143 kms (88.8 miles)
m.Distance from Dagupan City 37.1 kms. (23 miles)
n. Transport Services (to Manila) Five Star Bus, Fermina Trans,Dagupan Bus, Santrans
and Solid North(24-hour basis)
o. Water Supply Bayambang Water District (24 hours), reliable
p. Power Supply Central Pangasinan Electric Cooperative, Inc.(CENPELCO), stable
q. Communication Services Digitel, PLDT, Smart, Globe, Sun Cellular
r. Educational Services:
State University 1
Private College 1
National High Schools 7
Laboratory High School 1
Private High School 1
Sectarian High School 1
Elementary and Pre-elementary
Central Public Elementary Schools 2
Other Public Elementary Schools 47
Laboratory Elementary School 1
Sectarian Elementary Schools 2
Private Elementary and
Pre-elementary Schools 6
Government Hospital 1
Government Rural Health Units 2
Private Hospital 1
(maternity, medical & dental) 15
s. Fire-Fighting Services Bureau of Fire Protection—Bayambang Fire Station
Equipped with 2 Fire Trucks and corresponding firefighting gadgets)
The town is now headed by Honorable Engr. Ricardo M. Camacho who has been elected as Municipal Mayor.
For comments or suggestions: please write or call:
Municipality of Bayambang Pangasinan, Philippines 2423
Office of the Mayor: (075)592-2030 Look for Myla H. Catalan
RIC Center: (63) 906-464-4046, 075-592-5343 Look for Lito Joson